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Athabasca University

Bibliography for George Elliott Clarke (October 2012) 


Saltwater Spirituals and Deeper Blues. Porter’s Lake, N.S.: Pottersfield Press, 1983.

Whylah Falls. Winlaw, B.C.: Polestar Press, 1990, 2nd ed. Vancouver, Polestar Books, 2000.  Poetry and prose.

Lush Dreams, Blue Exile: Fugitive Poems, 1978-1993. Lawrencetown Beach, N.S.: Pottersfield Press, 1994.

Gold Indigoes. Durham, N.C.: Carolina Wren Press, 2000.  Poetry.

Execution Poems. Wolfville, N.S.: Gaspereau Press, 2001.Governor General’s Award

Blue. Vancouver: Raincoat Books, 2001.  Poetry.

Illuminated Verses. Toronto: Canadian Scholar Press—Kellom, 2005.
Photographs by  Ricardo  Scipio.

Black. Vancouver: Polestar Books, 2006.

Blues and Bliss: The Poetry of George Elliott Clarke, ed. Jon Paul Fiorentino. Waterloo: Wilfrid Laurier University Press, 2008.

I & I.  Fredericton: Goose Lane,  2009.

Red.  Kentville, N.S.: Gaspereau Press, 2011.


Whylah Falls: The Play. Toronto: Playwrights Canada Press, 1999.  Also in
Testifyin’: Contemporary African-Canadian Drama. Vol. 1. Ed. Djanet Sears. Toronto: Playwrights Canada Press, 2000.  215-276.

Beatrice Chancy. (verse play)Victoria: Polstar Books, 1999.

Québécité:  A Jazz Fantasia in Three Cantos. Kentville, N.S.: Gaspereau Press, 2003.

Trudeau: Long March/ Shining Path. Kentville, N.S.: Gaspereau Press, 2007.


George and Rue. Toronto: HarperCollins, 2005. London: Random House, 2005. New York: Carroll & Graf, 2006.


"Beatrice Chancy: A Libretto in Four Acts." Canadian Theatre Review. 96 (Fall 1998).

“Québécité: An Opera  Libretto in Three Cantos.” CanadianTheatre Review. 2002.

"Trudeau: Long March, Shining Path." Canadian Theatre Review, 2006.

Anthologies Edited

Ed.  Fire on the Water:  An Anthology of Black Nova Scotian Writing.  2 vols. Lawrencetown Beach, N.S.: Potterfield Press, 1991-1992.

A Lifetime of Making: Ralph and Ada Cromwell.  Halifax: Mount Saint Vincent University Art Gallery, 1992.  Essays.

Co-ed., Border Lines: Contemporary Poetry in English. Toronto: Copp-Clark, 1995.
Eds.  J.A. Wainwright,  Clarke,  Ruth Grogan,  Victor Li,  R. Ross,  A. Wallace.

Ed. Eyeing the North Star: Directions in African-Canadian Literature. Toronto: McClelland and Stewart, 1997.

Guest ed., The Dalhousie Review. Africadian Special Issue. 77.2 (summer, 1997), 1999.

Eyeing the North Star: Perspectives of African-Canadian Literature. Washington, D.C.: Canadian Embassy, 1997.  Monograph.

Academic Books

Treason of the Black Intellectuals?  Seagram Lecture, 1998. Montreal: McGill Institute for the Study of Canada, 1999.  Monograph.

Odysseys Home: Mapping African-Canadian Literature. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2002.  Essays and reviews.

Directions Home: Approaches to African-Canadian Literature. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2012.  Studies of a number of African-Canadian writers.


Poeme Incendiare. Trans. Flavia Cosma. Oradea, Romania: Editura Cogito, 2006.

[Many Kinds of Love: Heavenly, Earthly, and Hellish. Trans of Whylah Falls] Trans. Tong Renshan. Beijing: International Publishing, 2006. [poetry]

George Elliott Clarke: Poesie e Drammi. Ed. & Trans. Giulio Marra. Venezia, Italia: Studio LT2, 2012.  (selected poems and plays translated into Italian.)


One Heart Broken Into Song. Feature Film. Prod: CBC-TV  1999.

Beatrice Chancy: The Opera. Feature Film. Prod: CBC-TV  2001.

Articles  and  Essays  in  Journals  and  Books (a selected list)

“What Was Canada?”  Is  Canada Postcolonial?:  Unsettling Canadian Literature. Ed. Laura Moss. Waterloo, On.: Wilfrid Laurier University Press, 2003.

“Correspondences and Divergences Between Italian-Canadian and African-Canadian Writers.” Canadian Multicultural Dreams, Realities, Expectations.  Eds. Matthew Zachariah, Allan Sheppard, Leona Barratt. Edmonton: Canadian Multicultural Education Foundation, 2004.  See also "Let Us Compare Anthologies" 2002.

“Raising Raced and Erased Executions in African-Canadian Literature: Or, Unearthing Angélique.” Essays on Canadian Writing. 75 (2002).

“Canadian Biraciality and Its ‘Zebra’ Poetics.” Intertexts. 6.3 (2002).

“Harris, Philip, Brand: Three Authors in Search of Literary Criticism.” Journal of Canadian Studies 35.1 (Spring, 2000): 161-189.

“Racing Shelley, or Reading The Cenci as a Gothic Slave Narrative.” European Romantic Review. 11.2 (Spring, 2000): 168-185.

“Reading Ward’s ‘Blind Man’s Blues’.”  Arc. 44 (summer, 2000): 50-52.

“Liberalism and Its Discontents: Reading Black and White in Contemporary Québécois Texts.” in  Literary Pluralities, ed. Christl Verduyn. Toronto: Broadview Press, 1998. 

“Cool Politics: Styles of  Honour in Malcolm X and Miles Davis.” Jouvert: A Journal of Post-Colonial Studies.2.1 (1998): see Vol 2,1  in

“Contesting a Model Blackness: A Meditation on African-Canadian African Americanism, or The Structure of African-Canadianité.” Essays on Canadian Writing. 63 (Spring, 1998): 1-55.

“Towards a Conservative Modernity: Cultural Nationalism in Contemporary Acadian and Africadian Poetry.” in Cultural Identities in Canadian Literature/ Identités culturelles dans la littérature canadienne, ed. Bénédicte Mauguière. New York: Peter Lang, 1998.  49-63.

“Must We Burn Haliburton?” in The Haliburton Bi-centenary Chaplet: Papers Presented at the 1996 Thomas Randall Symposium. ed. Richard Davis. Wolfville, N.S.: Gaspereau Press, 1997. 1-40.

“Africana Canadiana: A Primary Bibliography of Literature by African-Canadian Authors, 1785-1996, in English, French and Translation.” Canadian Ethnic Studies. 28.3 (1996): 106-209.  Guest editor, Joseph  Pivato.

“Must All Blackness Be American?: Locating Canada in Borden’s ‘Tightrope Time’, or Nationalizing Gilroy’s The Black Atlantic.Canadian Ethnic Studies. 28.3 (1996): 56-71.

“Clarke vs Clarke: Tory Elitism in Austin Clarke’s Short Fiction.” West Coast Line: A Journal of Contemporary Writing and Criticism. 22 (Spring/Summer, 1997): 110-128.

“Birth and Rebirth of Africadian Literature.” Down East: Critical Essays on Contemporary Maritime Canadian Literature. Eds. Wolfgang Hochbruck & James Taylor.  Stuttgart: Wissenschaftlicher Verlag Trier, 1997.  55-80.

“A Primer of African-Canadian Literature.” Books In Canada. 25.2 (march, 1996): 5-7.
Included in the Study Guide for English 451 and English 551, at Athabasca University.

Books  About  George  Elliott  Clarke

Pivato,  Joseph. ed.  Africadian  Atlantic:  Essays on George  Elliott  Clarke. Toronto: Guernica Editions, 2012. 340 pages, 14 essays by Canadian, Italian and Brazilian scholars.

Articles  About  and  Interviews  With  George Elliott Clarke

Andrews, Jennifer. “Re-Visioning Fredericton: Reading George Elliott Clarke’s Execution Poems.” Studies in Canadian Literature. 33.2 (2008).

Brydon, Diana. “George Elliott Clarke’s Othello.” Canadian Literature 182 (2004).

Chariandy, David. “ ‘Canada in Us Now:’ Locating the Criticism of Black Canadian Writing.” Essays in Canadian Writing 75 (Winter 2002).

Compton, Anne. “Standing Your Ground: George Elliott Clarke in Conversation.”  Studies in Canadian Literature. 23.2 (1998): 138-164.

Compton, Wayde. “ ‘Even the Stars are Temporal’: The Historical Motion of George Elliott Clarke’s Saltwater Spirituals and Deeper Blues.” West Coast Line: A Journal of Contemporary Writing and Criticism. 22 (Spring/Summer, 1997): 156-163.

Davidson, Arnold E. “Whylah Falls: The Africadian Poetry of George Elliott Clarke.” Down East: Critical Essays on Contemporary Maritime Canadian Literature.  Eds.  Wolfgang Hochbuck & James Taylor. Stuttgart: Wissemschaftlicher Verlag Trier, 1997.

Fiorentino,  Jon Paul. “Blakening English: The Polyphonic Poetics of George Elliott Clarke.” #2 (2003)

Fraile, Ana Maria. "The Transcultural Intertextuality of George Elliott Clarke's 'African Canadianité':  African-American Models Shaping George and Rue."  African American Review 46.2  (2013).

Greenblatt,  Jordana. “Something Sadistic, Something Complicit: Text and Violence in Execution Poems and Thirsty.” Canadian Literature 197 (2008).

Gordon, Spencer. “Interview, George Elliott Clarke: Suggesting a Potential Canon.” The Danforth Review, May 2009.

Hlongwane, Gugu D. " Whips, Hammers and Ropes: The Burden of Race and Desire in Clarke's  George and Rue."  Studies in Canadian Literature. 33.1 (2008):  291-306.

Heiland, D. “George Elliott Clarke’s Beatrice Chancy: Sublimity, Pain”, Possibility. Postfeminist Gothic: Critical Interventions in Contemporary Culture. Ed. Benjamin A. Brabon & Stephanie Genz. Palgrave Macmillan, 2007.

Hutcheon,  Linda. “In Defence of Literary Adaptation as Cultural Production.” M/C Journal. 10.2 (2007).

Hutcheon,  Linda. “Music, Race, & Ideology: George Elliott Clarke’s Canadian Operas.”

Knutson, Susan. “ ‘I am become Aaron’: George Elliott Clarke’s Execution Poems and William Shakespeare’s Tutus Andronicus.” Canadian Cultural Exchange: Translation and Transculturation. Eds. Norman Cheadle & Lucien Palletier. Wilfrid Laurier University Press, 2007.

Knutson, Susan. “The Mask of Aaron: ‘Tall Screams Reared out of Three Mile Plains’- Shakespeare’s Tutus Andronicus and George Elliott Clarke’s Black Acadian Tragedy, Execution Poems. Readings of the Particular: The Postcolonial in the Postnational. Eds Anne Holden Ronning & Lene Johannesen. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2007.

Lane, M. Travis. “An Unimpoverished Style: The Poetry of  George Elliott Clarke.” Canadian Poetry. 16 (Spring/Summer, 1985): 47-54.

Larson, Katherine. “Resistance from the Margins in George Elliott Clarke’s Beatrice Chancy.” Canadian Literature 189 (2006).

MacLeod, Alexander. “The Little State of Africadia Is a Community of Believers: Replacing the Regional and  Remaking the Real in the Work of George Elliott Clarke.”
Studies in Canadian Literature. 33.2 (2008).

McLeod. Katherine. “Oui, Let’s scat: listening to multi-vocality in George Elliott Clarke’s jazz opera  Québécité.”  Mosaic 42.1 (2009).     

McNeilly, K. “The Crime of  Poetry: George Elliott Clarke in Conversation with Kevin McNeilly & Wayde Compton.”  Canadian Literature 182 (Autumn 2004).

Moynagh, Maureen. “Mapping Africadia’s Imaginary Geography: An Interview with George Elliott Clarke.” Ariel: A Review of  International English  Literature. 27.4 (Oct. 1996): 71-94.

Moynagh, Maureen. “Signature Pieces: Revisiting Race and Authorship.” Essays in Canadian Writing 81 (2004).

Moynagn, Maureen. “ ‘This history’s only good for anger’: Gender and Cultural Memory in Beatrice Chancy.” Sign: Journal of Women in Culture and Society 28.1 (2002).

Muller, Markus M. “En route to ‘Africadia’: Black North American History and Culture in George Elliott Clarke’s Nova Scotia.”  University of Trier, Germany.

Obert, Julia Catherine. “The Cultural Capital of Sound: Québécité’s Acoustic Hybridity.”
Postcolonial Text 2.4 (2006).

Steven, Laurence. “Transculturation in George Elliott Clarke’s Whylah Falls: or When Is It Appropriate to Appropriate?” Canadian Cultural Exhange. Op.cit.  see Knutson 2007.

Thomas, H. Nigel.  “Some Aspects of Blues Use in George Elliott Clarke’s  Whylah Falls.”  CLA Journal. 43.1 (September, 1999): 1-18.

Verduyn,  Christl. “Opera In Canada: A Conversation,”  G. E. Clarke and Linda Hutcheon.  Journal of Canadian Studies. 35.3 (Fall, 2000): 184-198.

Wells,  Dorothy. “A Rose Grows in Whylah Falls: Transplanted Traditions in George Elliott Clarke’s ‘Africadia’.” Canadian Literature. 155 (Winter, 1997): 56-73.

Wilkinson,  Lydia. “Creating a Canadan Odyssey: George Elliott Clarke’s Global Perspective in  Trudeau: Long March, Shining Path.” Cultural diversity and the stage. 6.2 (2008).

Willis, Susan. “Anansi History: George Elliott Clarke’s  Whylah Falls.” Jounal of Commonwealth and Postcolonial Studies. 9.1 (2002).

Wilson, Ann. “Beatrice Chancy: Slavery, Martyrdom and the Female Body.” Sitting the Other: Re-Visions of Marginality in Australian and English-Canadian Drama. Eds. Marc Maufort & Franca Bellarsi. Brussels, 2001.

Wyile, Herb. ed. Speaking in the Past Tense: Canadian Novelists on Writing Historical Fiction. Waterloo: Wilfrid Laurier University Press, 2007.

Theses  on  the  Works  of  George Elliott Clarke

Beneventi, Domenic A. “Spatial exclusion and the abject other in Canadian urban literature.” Ph.D. Thesis, English. Université de Montréal. 2005.

Boyd, Moira Kirstin. “Straddling the 49th Parallel.” M.A. Thesis. Vermont College of Norwich University. 2003.

Chariandy, David.  “Whylah Falls and the Cultural Politics of George Elliott Clarke.” M.A. Thesis. Carleton University. Ottawa, September 1995.

Chariandy, David John. “Land to Light on: Black Canadian literature and the language of belonging.” Ph.D. Thesis. Toronto, York University,   2003.

Dagger, Lindsay. “Righting Back:  Africadian History in the works of Geroge Elliott Clarke.”  M.A. Thesis. University of Nottingham, U.K.  2005.

Gordon, Scott. “Through An/Other Lens:  Photographs in the work of three African-Canadian writers. M.A. Thesis. University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, N.B. 1999.

Hartley, M.R. “A  dialogue between beauty and pain: the community of George Elliott Clarke’s Whylah Falls.”  M.A. Thesis. McMaster University, Hamilton, 1996.

Jones, Agassou. “George Elliott Clarke: Nova Scotia’s Mythopoeic Poet.” B.A. Honours Thesis, Saint Francis Xavier University,  Antigonish, N.S., 1990.

Montague, Amanda. "Collective Memory and Performance: An Analysis of Two Adaptations of the Legend of Beatrice Cenci."  M.A. Thesis,  McMaster University, 2012.

Pielechaty, Colleen. E. “Witnessing the Invisiblility: The Africadian Muses of  George Elliott Clarke.” M.A. Thesis. Dalhousie University,  Halifax,  September, 1997.

Stacey, Robert David. “The transformed pastoral in recent English-Canadian Literature.”
M.A. Thesis,  McGill University, Montreal,  1995.

Zapf, Donna Doris Anne. “Singing history, performing race: an analysis of  three Canadian  operas, Beatrice Chancy,  Elsewhereless,  and  Louis Riel.” Ph.D.  Thesis,  University of  Victoria, School of  Music, 2005.

Updated February 12 2015 by Student & Academic Services

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